Fri 21 - Thu 27 October 2011 Portland, Oregon, United States

Java’s type system enforces exception-checking rules that stipulate a checked exception thrown by a method must be declared in the throws clause of the method. Software written in Java often invokes native methods through the use of the Java Native Interface (JNI). Java’s type system, however, cannot enforce the same exception-checking rules on Java exceptions raised in native methods. This gap makes Java software potentially buggy and often difficult to debug when an exception is raised in native code. In this paper, we propose a complete static-analysis framework called JET to extend exception-checking rules even on native code. The framework has a two-stage design where the first stage throws away a large portion of irrelevant code so that the second stage, a fine-grained analysis, can concentrate on a small set of code for accurate bug finding. This design achieves both high efficiency and accuracy. We have applied JET on a set of benchmark programs with a total over 227K lines of source code and identified 12 inconsistent native-method exception declarations.